Table of contents

CHAPTER I – General provisions

Article 1Subject-matter and objectives (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13)
Article 2Material scope (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21)
Article 3Territorial scope (22, 23, 24, 25)
Article 4Definitions (26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37)

CHAPTER II – Principles

Article 5Principles relating to processing of personal data (39)
Article 6Lawfulness of processing (40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50)
Article 7Conditions for consent (32, 33, 42, 43)
Article 8Conditions applicable to child’s consent in relation to information society services (38)
Article 9Processing of special categories of personal data (51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56)
Article 10Processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences
Article 11Processing which does not require identification (57)

CHAPTER III – Rights of the data subject

Section 1 – Transparency and modalities
Article 12Transparent information, communication and modalities for the exercise of the rights of the data subject (58, 59)

Section 2 – Information and access to personal data
Article 13Information to be provided where personal data are collected from the data subject (60, 61, 62)
Article 14Information to be provided where personal data have not been obtained from the data subject (60, 61, 62)
Article 15Right of access by the data subject (63, 64)

Section 3 Rectification and erasure
Article 16Right to rectification (65)
Article 17Right to erasure (‘right to be forgotten’) (65, 66)
Article 18Right to restriction of processing (67)
Article 19Notification obligation regarding rectification or erasure of personal data or restriction of processing
Article 20Right to data portability (68)

Section 4 – Right to object and automated individual decision-making
Article 21Right to object (69, 70)
Article 22Automated individual decision-making, including profiling (71, 72)

Section 5 – Restrictions
Article 23Restrictions (73)

CHAPTER IV – Controller and processor

Section 1 – General obligations
Article 24Responsibility of the controller (74, 75, 76, 77, 83)
Article 25Data protection by design and by default (78)
Article 26Joint controllers (79)
Article 27Representatives of controllers or processors not established in the Union (80)
Article 28Processor (81)
Article 29Processing under the authority of the controller or processor
Article 30Records of processing activities (13, 39, 82)
Article 31Cooperation with the supervisory authority

Section 2 – Security of personal data
Article 32Security of processing (83, 74, 75, 76, 77)
Article 33Notification of a personal data breach to the supervisory authority (75, 85, 87, 88)
Article 34Communication of a personal data breach to the data subject (75, 86, 87, 88)

Section 3 – Data protection impact assessment and prior consultation
Article 35Data protection impact assessment (75, 84, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93)
Article 36Prior consultation (94, 95, 96)

Section 4 – Data protection officer
Article 37Designation of the data protection officer (97)
Article 38Position of the data protection officer (97)
Article 39Tasks of the data protection officer (97)

Section 5 – Codes of conduct and certification
Article 40Codes of conduct (98, 99)
Article 41Monitoring of approved codes of conduct
Article 42Certification (100)
Article 43Certification bodies

CHAPTER V – Transfers of personal data to third countries or international organisations

Article 44General principle for transfers (101, 102)
Article 45Transfers on the basis of an adequacy decision (103, 104, 105, 106, 107)
Article 46Transfers subject to appropriate safeguards (108, 109)
Article 47Binding corporate rules (110)
Article 48Transfers or disclosures not authorised by Union law
Article 49Derogations for specific situations (111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116)
Article 50International cooperation for the protection of personal data

CHAPTER VI – Independent supervisory authorities

Section 1 – Independent status
Article 51Supervisory authority (117, 118, 119)
Article 52Independence (118, 120)
Article 53General conditions for the members of the supervisory authority (121)
Article 54Rules on the establishment of the supervisory authority

Section 2 – Competence, tasks and powers
Article 55Competence (122)
Article 56Competence of the lead supervisory authority (124, 125, 126, 127, 128)
Article 57Tasks (123, 132)
Article 58Powers (129)
Article 59Activity reports

CHAPTER VII – Cooperation and consistency

Section 1 – Cooperation
Article 60Cooperation between the lead supervisory authority and the other supervisory authorities concerned (124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 131)
Article 61Mutual assistance (133)
Article 62Joint operations of supervisory authorities (134)

Section 2 – Consistency
Article 63Consistency mechanism (135)
Article 64Opinion of the Board (136)
Article 65Dispute resolution by the Board
Article 66Urgency procedure (137, 138)
Article 67Exchange of information

Section 3 – European data protection board
Article 68European Data Protection Board (139)
Article 69Independence (139)
Article 70Tasks of the Board (139)
Article 71Reports
Article 72Procedure
Article 73Chair
Article 74Tasks of the Chair
Article 75Secretariat (140)
Article 76Confidentiality

CHAPTER VIII – Remedies, liability and penalties

Article 77Right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority (141)
Article 78Right to an effective judicial remedy against a supervisory authority (143)
Article 79Right to an effective judicial remedy against a controller or processor (145)
Article 80Representation of data subjects (142)
Article 81Suspension of proceedings (144)
Article 82Right to compensation and liability (146, 147)
Article 83General conditions for imposing administrative fines (148, 150, 151)
Article 84Penalties (149, 152)

CHAPTER IX – Provisions relating to specific processing situations

Article 85Processing and freedom of expression and information (153)
Article 86Processing and public access to official documents (154)
Article 87Processing of the national identification number
Article 88Processing in the context of employment (155)
Article 89Safeguards and derogations relating to processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes (156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163)
Article 90Obligations of secrecy (164)
Article 91Existing data protection rules of churches and religious associations (165)

CHAPTER X – Delegated acts and implementing acts

Article 92Exercise of the delegation (166, 167, 168, 169, 170)
Article 93Committee procedure

CHAPTER XI – Final provisions

Article 94Repeal of Directive 95/46/EC (171)
Article 95Relationship with Directive 2002/58/EC (173)
Article 96Relationship with previously concluded Agreements
Article 97Commission reports
Article 98Review of other Union legal acts on data protection
Article 99Entry into force and application